ancient Japanese culture

Japanese Martial Arts Terminology

 
 
 
 

Aite- OpponentAnatoshi- Trapping

Ashiko- Foot band with spikes

Ate- Strike

Bujutsu- Horsemanship

Barai- Sweep

Bisento- Long battlefield halberd

Bojutsu- Bostaff fighting

Bo Ryaku- Strategy

Boshi Ken- Thumb strike

Budo- Martial way

Budoka- Student of the martial way

Bugie- Martial arts

Bujin- Warrior spirit

Bujutsu- Martial arts techniques

Bushi- Warrior

Bushido- Way of the warrior

Chi- Earth

Chi Mon- Geography

Cho Ho- Espionage

Chu- Middle

Chunin- Intermediate ninja

Daisho- Pair of swords

Daito- Large sword

Dakenjutsu- Striking, kicking, blocking

Do- Way

Dojo- training hall

Doko- Angry tiger

Dori- To capture or seize

Empi- Elbow strike

Fu- Wind

Fudo Ken- immovable fist

Fudoshin- Immovable spirit

Fudoza- Immovable seat

Fukiya- Blowgun

Futari Dori- grappling with two

Opponents

Gaeshi- Counter attack

Gake- Hook

Ganseki Nage- throwing the big rock

Garami- Entangle

Gawa-Side

Gedan Uke- Low block

Genin- beginning ninja

Genjutsu- Art of illusion

Geri- Kick

Gi- Martial arts uniform

Godai- Five elements

Gokui- Secret

Gotono- using natural elements for

evasion

Gyaku- reverse

Hai- Yes

Haibu Yori- From behind

Hajime- Begin

Hajutsu- escaping techniques

Han- Half

Hanbo- 3 foot staff

Hanbojutsu- 3 foot staff fighting

Happa Ken- One handed strike

Hasso- Attack

Heiho- Combat strategy

Henka- Variation

Hensojutsu- Disguise and impersonation

arts

Hicho- flying bird

Hidari- Left

Hiji- Elbow

Hiki- Pull

Hishi- Dried water chestnut caltrops

Hodoki- escapes

Hojo- Bind, tie up

Hojutsu- Firearm arts

Iai- Sword drawing

Igadama- Iron caltrops

Inpo- Hiding

Intonjutsu- Escape and concealment

Iri- Enter

Itami- Pain

Jo- Four-foot staff

Jodan Uke- High block

Junan Taiso- Body conditioning

Jutaijutsu- Grappling

Jutsu- Techniques

Ka- Fire

Kaeshi- Counter attack

Kagi- Hook

Kaiten- Rolling breakfalls

Kaiten Ken- Open hand

Kakusi Geri- Hidden Kick

Kamae- Posture or stance

Kamiza- Shrine

Kata- Set of movements

Katana- Sword

Katate- One hand

Kayakujutsu- Fire and explosive arts

Kenjutsu- Sword fighting

Keppan- Blood oath

Keri- Kick

Ki- Spirit

Kiai- Focused shout

Kikaku Ken- Demon horns fist

Kiriage- Upwards cut

Kiten Ken- Sword hand strike (shuto)

Ko Ashi- Small steps

Kodachi- Small sword

Kogoroshi- Finger breaking

Koho- Back

Koho Geri- Back kick

Koho Kaiten- Back roll

Koku- Tiger sky

Kokyu- Breath

Koppo Ken- Thumb knuckle strike

Koppojutsu- (Bone) breaking techniques

Koryu- Traditional

Kuden- Oral Teachings

Kuji- Nine syllables

Kuji In- Hand posturing

Kujikiri- Protective grid slashing

Kumiuchi- Grappling and close fighting

Kunoichi- Female ninja

Kusari Fundo- Chain with end weights

Kusari Gama- Weighted chain with

sickle

Kuzushi- Break opponents’ balance

Kojitsu Tenkan Ho- Philosophy

Kyoketsu- Cord and dagger

Kyoman- Observation

Kyu- Green belt

Kyusho- Pressure point

Mai Kaiten- Front roll

Maki- Winding

Makimono- Scrolls

Matte- Wait

Mawashi- Rotate

Mawashi Geri- Round kick

Meiso- Meditation

Meijin- Master

Metsubushi- Blinding powder

Meysubushi- Distraction

Men Uchi- Strike to the head

Menkyo- Teaching certificate

Migi- Right

Mizu- Water

Mokuso- Meditate

Morote- Both hands

Mute- No hands

Muto Dori- unarmed sword defense

Nagare- To flow

Nage- Throw

Nagashi- Flow

Naginata- Halberd

Naname- Diagonal

Neko te- Finger tip weapons

Nin- Endurance or stealth

Ninpo- Higher order of Ninjutsu

Nuki Ashi- Sweeping step

Ninki- Specialized ninja tools

Obi- Belt

Odashi- Long sword

Omote- Outside

Oni- Devil

Oni Gedeki- Crushing the little devil

Osae- Press down

Oshigiri- sword push cut

Osoto Gake- Great outside hook

Oten- Cartwheel

Randori- Sparring

Rei- Bow

Ryote- Two hands

Ryomune Dori- Two handed chest grab

Ryu- School or dragon

Sakki- Intuition of attack

Saya- Scabbard

Satori- Enlightenment

Seishin Teki Kyoyo- Spiritual

Refinement

Seiza- Kneeling

Sempai- Senior student

Sensei- Teacher

Shaken- Throwing stars

Shako Ken- Claw strike

Shi- Finger

Shihan- Senior instructor

Shikko- Walking on knees

Shikan Ken- Extended knuckle strike

Shikomi Zue- Sword cane

Shin- Heart

Shinai- Bamboo sword

Shinken Gata- Real combat training

Shinobi- Stealth

Shinobi aruki- Ninja walking

Shinpi- Mysticism

Shishin Ken- Finger needle strike

Shitan Ken- Thumb pressure

Shito Ken- Thumb strike (Boshi ken)

Shizen Ken- Natural body weapon

Shomen- Front

Shoten no jutsu- Tree climbing

Shuki Ken- Elbow strike

Shurinkenjutsu- Blade throwing

Shuko- Hand band with spikes

Shuto Ken- Sword hand strike

Soku Gyaku- Toe strike

Soke- Grandmaster

Sokki Ken- Knee strike

Sukuho Geri- Side kick

Sokuho Tobi- Side leap

Soku Yaku- Sole or heel strike

Sokugyaku Geri- Toe kick

Sui- Water

Sui Ren- Water training

Sutemi Nage- Sacrificial throw

Tabi- Traditional Japanese footwear

Taihenjutsu- Body movement

Tai Ken- Body, body hurtling strikes

Taijutsu- Unarmed/ Body skill

Take- Bamboo

Taisabaki- Natural body movement

Taiso- Body conditioning

Taki Ori- Breaking bamboo

Tanto- Knife

Tantojutsu- Knife fighting

Tatami- Straw mat

Te- Hand

Teki- Enemy

Tenmon- Meteorology

Tesson- Iron war fan

Tetsubushi- Metal caltrops

Toamijutsu- Fish net techniques

Tobi- Leap

Tobi Keri- Leap with a kick

Tori- One who executes

Tsuba- Sword handguard

Tsugi Bune- Collapsible boat

Tsuki- Thrust

Uchi Gata- Take down using legs

Uke- One who receives

Ukemi- Breakfalls

Ura- Inside

Wakizashi- Short sword

Waza- Techniques

Ya- Arrow

Yamabushi- Mountain warrior priest

Yame- Stop

Yari- Spear

Yoi- Ready

Yoko Geri- Side kick

Yoko Aruki- Sideways walking

Yoroi- Armor

Yubi- Finger

Yumi- Bow

Zenpo Kaiten- Front roll

Zenpo Geri- Front kick

Ichi- One

Ni- Two

San- Three

Shi- Four

Go- Five

Roku- Six

Shichi- Seven

Hachi- Eight

Ku- Nine

Ju- Ten

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