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The Worship of Tiamat in Ancient History


Over the past few decades and with the current revival of the Necronomicon Tradition, there has been a growing number of LHP Practitioners who are engaged in the worship of the goddess known as Tiamat. Although Tiamat, in Babylonian mythology is described as a chaos monster and the primordial goddess of the ocean, we find that her characterization as an “evil” deity is completely symbolic, and may have more to do with the demonization process that usually occurs when one nation conquers another. We can verify this historically. C. Scott Littleton makes the following observation in the work Gods, Goddesses and Mythology Volume 1, page 316:

“In ancient Babylonia Tiamat is an example, some believe, of a mother goddess from an earlier culture who was changed into an evil female brought chaos.”

According to Francois Lenormant’s classic work, Chaldean Magic, it gives us a list of the gods of Chaldea on page 115, with Abzu-Tiamat being on top of the list. Further evidence of Tiamat’s sovereignty is evidenced by the etymology of her name. The Babylonian name Tiamat is composed of the Sumerian elements ti “life,” and ama “mother,” hence “mother of life.” Something that is not usually observed by many scholars of Mesopotamian studies, but is commented upon by Lenormant, in the work cited earlier, on page 113:

“The Supreme God, the first unique principal from which all the other gods took their origin, was Ilu whose name signifies “the god” pre-eminently. He is the One and the Good whom the Neo-platonician philosophers announced as the common source of every thing in Chaldean theology; and indeed the first principle in mentioned as “the god One” on documents of the later epoch, which tell us, the philosophic language  having been completely formed in the sacerdotal schools that in the beginning the Existing Being (Auv Kinuv) was begotten of the Abyss (Apsu) and the primordial sea (Tiamat) and was worshipped under this name by Nebuchadnezzar…..It seems that in Chaldea, no important temple was especially dedicated to him, although to him Babylon owed its name Bab-Ilu or in Accadian Ka-Dingiru. The personality of Ilu was not clearly defined for a long time; his office and title as “God One” were at first given to Anu, “the ancient god,” and the first person of the supreme trinity, which was afterwards held to emanate from Ilu; the priests did not distinguish the primordial principle from the chief of this trinity.”

Who is this god Ilu? Lenormant is not the only one to bring information about this deity, “the God One,” to light. Madame H. P. Blavatsky also makes mention of the deity Ilu, in her writings, specifically Theosophy Volume 52, under the subheading The Chaldean Legend, we read:

“In every cosmogony, behind and higher than the creative Deity there is a superior Deity, a planner, an architect, of whom the Creator is but the executive agent. And still higher, over and around, within and without, there is the UNKNOWABLE and the unknown, the Source and Cause of all these Emanations. In Chaldea the great First Cause as the ONE, the primordial germ, the unrevealed and grand ALL, existing through himself — was Ilu.”

We can find further information about Ilu in other sources that we will consider shortly, but for now it seems as if another Trinity existed before the later “supreme trinity” of Anu, Enlil, and Enki. Taking into account that both Blavatsky and Lenormant mention Ilu as the source of creation and was begotten by both Tiamat and Apsu, it seems that a pre-historic trinity existed of Tiamat, Apsu, and Ilu.

Ilu is sometimes equated to the Canaanite deity El. This seems to be a correct rendering of the term. However, the deity El is often revered as a male god and this is a result of the rise of solar religions demonization of matriarch religions. This is very clear from the writings of Christine Preston’s The Rise of Man in the Gardens of Sumeria, page 90 reads:

“Titles for the matriarch El, Ell, Al, Ale, and El-di, were OL and OEL. ‘Elu’ (priest) is the Semitic, Chaldean, and Akkadian equivalent title. El was the name of the supreme god of the Canaanite pantheon. The old matriarch El, called Ilu ‘the Dragon of Evil’ is also called “mother Hubur” in a Babylonian version.”

From Preston’s observation’s we can see that Tiamat and Ilu were the same, similar to the Christian idea of Jesus and the Father being One. With this information in mind, we can also understand that the Descent of Inanna/Ishtar is an epic that was based on a much older rite about Tiamat’s incarnation as Ilu, or El. Some of this information is also covered in the Atlantean Necronomicon. We can know also begin to appreciate why in the Simon Necronomicon’s Introduction we read the following:

“Therefore, the Goddess of the Witches has two distinct forms: the Ancient One, Goddess of the Dragon-like telluric Power which is raised in Magickal rituals, and the Elder Goddess, Defeater of Death, who brings the promise of Resurrection and Rejuvenation to her followers those who must reside for a time after death and between incarnations in what is called the “Summerland”.”

For us to show existence of the ancient worship of Tiamat, we need to first understand the Qliphotic cosmology of the Sumerians. Tiamat is often symbolic of the “salt waters” and Apsu the “fresh waters.” While it amazes me seeing all the erroneous interpretations of what these symbolic depictions mean, the answer is very simple and one that we can verify.

The pre-Adamite Chaldeans, commonly known as the Jinn were Adept in astral travel, and for those experienced in Out-of-Body travel can verify that the experience feel somewhat like being under water. This knowledge of Outer Body travel was passed on to the progeny of jinn-human relations, and eventually to the ancient Sumerians who were able to epitomize this experience in symbol. Basically, the idea of “fresh waters” comes from the fact that, when viewed from the Earth, the Sun’s light cast upon the heavenly skies is similar to “fresh waters” and all that could be seen, or reached by the Sun’s light were the seven heavenly bodies from Earth to Saturn. For all these heavenly bodies influenced and supported life on Earth. The starry realms where life didn’t seem to exist, was known as the “salt waters” since its connection and support of physical life was not evident. Therefore, the seven philosophical planets were known as Earth or the Apsu and Tiamat the primordial ocean, or the depths of outer space. Evidence of this is also contained in Lenormant’s writings, specifically Chaldean Magic, where he describes the actions of Hea (the Sumerian Enki) and his appearance. Page 157:

“Hea himself, and he appeared under this form in the cosmogenic legend, where he was the Oannes of Berosis, revealing religions and social laws to men. According to extracts from the Grecian historian of Chalea, “he had the body of a fish entire, but underneath his fish’s head there was a second human head, while human feet appeared under his tail, and he possessed a human voice….”

Page 156:

“He had no father assigned to him; but as he was eternally begotten in the bosom of the humid element, he was said to have issued from the celestial ocean personified as a goddess Ziku. His usual dwelling was in the great reservoir (abzu or arra) which, as we have already said surrounded the earth.”

Rom page 156 of this material we can see that the people of ancient Mesopotamia thought of the “abzu” as surrounding the earth. This shows us that the abzu, or Apsu, was symbolic of the atmosphere and heavenly bodies surrounding the earth. It is here that we can begin to understand who, or what Ilu really was. Being from Tiamat but passing through the Abyss (apsu) it would appear that Ilu represented the Sun personification as the goddess. We can determine this, since Tiamat would represent the “salt waters” or stars that did not support human life, the Sun, then, would be Ilu, as it existed in the sky as an element of the outer regions but dwelled as a nurturing mother in the inner regions of the heavens. Gerald Massey in his work, A Book of the Beginnings, states the following on page 457:

Khnef was the ‘breath of those who are in the firmament,’ i.e., souls, and he presided over the abyss of the waters. Vishnu lying beneath the watersi, and breathing umbilically[94], is the true representative of Khnef, or Auv-Kinuv, the Existing Being who could breathe under water, and was therefore superhuman, and whose chief image was the sun passing through the lower void of the circle.”

Massey clearly shows that our findings and synopsis are correct. We can also determine from all of this that the survival of Tiamat worship in found primarily in the cosmology of Shinto. Madonna Kolbenshlag writes in Eastward Towards Eve, on page 144:

“Their progeny, another brother and sister, Amaterasu, the Sun Goddess, and Susano, the Storm God, are a pale reflection of Tiamat and Mar- duk.”

 Although this author touches on a point vital to this work, we can still see an error in judgment, which few take time to address. The whole idea of Sumeria being the oldest civilization known to man is erroneous, as it is an attempt to still keep people under the blinds of Biblical doctrines, since Sumeria would still support the Christian theory that life began in ancient Mesopotamia. However, archeological evidence continues to find human remains that outdated Sumerian civilization in Africa and asia. It seems that Sumeria may have been a fluent settlement after the replenishment of the present age, but it is by no means the oldest civilization. Readers can review the following articles in light of this:

 The more appropriate statement would be that Tiamat is a pale reflection of Amaterasu. Interestingly, famous Occultist Michael Bertiaux was also able to ascertain the vital step of the Shinto Cosmology after initiation in the Sacred Necronomicon Tradition. In the Voudon Gnostic Workbook page 364 we find:

 “The structures of Esoteric Shinto begin with the 17 Gods of creative  and all-forming Matrix, which is the primordial womb of space-Being.”

 Bertiaux delves deeper into a cosmology, where Esoteric Shinto seems to be at the height of post-initiation into the Necronomicon Tradition.: