Historical Evidence of The Simon Necronomicon’s Connection To The Works of H. P. Lovecraft Part 2: Asaru & Nyarlathotep
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Well, we are delighted to present our second discussion concerning the connections between the Simon Necronomicon and the works of H.P. Lovecraft. You can view our first discussion by clicking on the following link:
In our first discussion, we were able to identify Azathoth, or Azag-Thoth, with the Sumerian deity Nergal. We were also able to discover a close connection between Egypt and Sumeria. The amazing thing about all of this is that we were able to get a clearer historical understanding of the Cthulhu Mythos by use of the Simon Necronomicon.
Since we covered the meaning of Azathoth in our first discussion and identified this deity as a multiplex of dthonic entities personified as the one god Nergal, it is important now to analyze Azathoth’s noted emissary Nyarlathotep.
Although we discussed some attributes of Nyarlathotep in our prior article, it would now be good to look at some of Nyarlathotep’s characteristics described in the Cthulhu Mythos. This is a very iportant part of our discussion since the name Nyarlathotep does not appear in the Simon Necronomicom. How are we then to interpret Nyarlathotep in the Necronomicon Tradition?
In H.P. Lovecraft’s story “Haunter Of The Dark,” we learn one of Nyarlathotep’s many manifestations, wherein he is described as the “three-lobed burning eye.” This particular manifestation is a huge bat-winged creature, with a burning tri-lobed eye. Other manifestations of Nyarlathotep according to Lovecraft fiction include, an Egyptian Pharoah, a faceless god in the caverns of earth’s center, the ‘Black Man’ of the witch-cult,” a black-skinned avatar of the Devil.
Despite Nyarlathotep’s many manifestations, he is definitely associated with Egypt since the suffix “hotep” appears in his name. Wehn we focus on Nyarlathotep’s manifestation as the “three-lobed burning eye,” we do find a correspondence to this deity in the Simon Necronomicon though he is not mentioned by name. In the Magan Text we find two manifestations, which are attributed to Nyarlathotep in the Cthulhu Mythos, appear in the Simon Necronomicon, these being “a faceless god in the caverns of earth’s center,” and the “three-lobed burning eye.” Notice what is mentioned in the Magan Text:
“Find the corpse of INANNA
Find the corpse of ISHTAR our Queen
And sprinkle the Food of Life, Sixty Times
And sprinkle the Water of Life, Sixty Times
Sixty Times the Food of Life and the Water of Life
Sprinkle upon her body
ISHTAR will rise.
With giant wings
And scales like serpents
The two elementals flew to that Gate
NINNGHIZHIDDA saw them not
They passes the Seven Watchers
With haste they entered the Palace of Death
And they beheld several terrible sights.
The demons of all the Abyss lay there
Dead but Dreaming, they clung to the walls
Of the House of Death
Faceless and terrible
The ANNUNAKI stared out
Blind and Mad AZAG-THOTH reared up
The Eye on the Throne opened
The Dark Waters stirred”
The above quote describes the two elementals’ journey through the Underworld, as they were searching for Ishtar, and the effects it had upon the spirits of the Dead. What is an interesting aspect of the above quote is that the Annunaki are given the same description that Lovecraft gives to Nyarlathotep! In Lovecraft’s story, “The Rats in the Walls,” Nyarlathotep is described as “a faceless god in the caverns of earth’s center.” This is a strong resemblance of what appears in the Simon Necronomicon’s Book of Calling:
“And around thee shall appear the Flame, like Lightning flashing in all directions, and all things will appear amid thunders, and from the Cavities of the Earth will leap forth the ANNUNNAKI, Dog-Faced, and thou shalt bring them down”
Both Lovecraft’s description of Nyarlathotep and the Simon Necronomicon’s portrayal of the Annunaki both have reference to Chaldean Cosmology. The Chaldean Oracles of Zoroaster translated by Thomas Stanley in 1661 mention the following:
“”Certainly out of the cavities of the Earth spring terrestrial Dogs;
Which show no true signe to mortal Man.”
Stanley makes the following observation about the passage found in the Chaldean Oracle:
“Sometimes to many initiated Persons there appear, whilst they are sacrificing, some Apparitions in the shape of Doggs and several other figures. Now the Oracle saith, that these issue out of the Receptacles of the Earth, that is, out of the terresrial and mortal Body, and  the irrational Passions planted in it which are not yet sufficiently adorned with Reason, these are Apparitions of the passions of the Soul in performing divine Rites; meer appearances having no substance, and therefore not signifying any thing true. “
Another striking similarity between Lovecraft’s depiction of Nyarlathotep and what is mentioned in the Magan Text is the Simon Necronoicon’s mention of the “Eye upon the Throne.” We find that this symbol is recorded for us elsewhere in the Magan Text. It is mentioned again after Ishtar has arisen from her sleep in death:
“The Dark Waters trembled and roiled.
AZAG-THOTH screamed upon his throne
CUTHALU lurched forth from his sleep
ISHNIGARRAB fled the Palace of Death
IAK SAKKAK trembled in fear and hate
The ANNUNNAKI fled their thrones
The Eye upon the Throne took flight
ERESHKIGAL roared and summoned NAMMTAR
The Magician NAMMRAR she called
But not for pursuit
But for protection.
INANNA ascended from the Underworld.”
it is interesting to note that this “Eye upon the Throne” takes flight after DinGir Inanna has arisen from death. It is a symbolic symbol of ones’ initiation and the inner eye of clairvoyance has emerged into the prominent part of our being. This can be seen by a thorough read of the Magan Text. Yet what is interesting is that the “three-lobed burning eye” of Lovecraft fiction, also anointed the characters in “Haunter of the Dark” with a clairvoyant ability. Here is an excerpt from the story:
“Trouble with memory. I see things I never knew before. Other worlds
and other galaxies… Dark… The lightning seems dark and the darkness
It cannot be the real hill and church that I see in the pitch-darkness.
Must be retinal impression left by flashes. Heaven grant the Italians are
out with their candles if the lightning stops!
What am I afraid of? Is it not an avatar of Nyarlathotep, who in antique
and shadowy Khem even took the form of man? I remember Yuggoth,
and more distant Shaggai, and the ultimate void of the black
The long, winging flight through the void… cannot cross the universe
of light… re-created by the thoughts caught in the Shining Trapezohedron…
send it through the horrible abysses of radiance…
My name is Blake- Robert Harrison Blake of 620 East Knapp Street,
Milwaukee, Wisconsin… I am on this planet…
Azathoth have mercy!- the lightning no longer flashes- horrible- I can
see everything with a monstrous sense that is not sight- light is dark and
dark is light… those people on the hill… guard… candles and charms…
Sense of distance gone -far is near and near is far. No light – no glass –
see that steeple – that tower – window – can hear – Roderick Usher – am
mad or going mad – the thing is stirring and fumbling in the tower.
I am it and it is I – I want to get out… must get out and unify the
forces… it knows where I am…
I am Robert Blake, but I see the tower in the dark. There is a monstrous
odour… senses transfigured… boarding at that tower window cracking
and giving way… Iä… ngai… ygg…
I see it – coming here – hell-wind – titan blue – black wing – Yog Sothoth
save me – the three-lobed burning eye…”
Although critics of the Simon Necronomicon claim that there is no link between the works of Lovecraft and the Simon Necronomicon, we have found just the opposite, in this article and in our first. The Simon Necronomicon also takes things a step further as it provides us with certain correspondences where we can see how Loveracft’s Cthulhu Mythos is relative to ancient mystery schools. We find this to be the case when we look at how Simon defines the “Eye upon the Throne” in the Book of Calling:
“This is the Book of ASARU, the Eye on the Throne.”
Here the Mad Arab identifies this “Eye” with Asaru. Asaru is the Chaldean equivalent to Jupiter: said to “restore man to happiness.” In the Babylonian religion, the god of magicians. Some may wonder what does Asaru have to do with Nyarlathotep? Asaru is commonly known by his other name, which is Marduk. In the same manner that Nyarlathotep works as an ambassador for Azathoth, so we find that in Ancient Mesopotamia Marduk was the mediator between man and the gods, such as Enki. However, the story gets deeper. The Journal of biblical Literature, volumes 39-40, Page 91 makes the following observation:
“It has long been known that the name Asaru was also a name for Marduk. The name has been equated by some with Osiris…”
This is a very interesting point. Osiris is a Greek term. This also applies to the name Egypt as well. The indigenous people called their land Khem and the god Osiris was not known by this Greek label, but by the name Asar. One can easily see the similarities between the terms Asaru and Asar. The reader can easily search and discover many discussions amongst scholars that show a connection between Asaru and Osiris. This being the case, we find even greater parallels in the works of H.P. Lovecraft and the Simon Necronomicon.
In the earlier part of our discussion, we were able to identify Nyarlathotep’s manifestation as a faceless god in the caverns of earth center with the Dog-faced Anunnaki of Simon Necronomicon fame, and from here we were able to relate this to the Chaldean Oracles of Zoroaster. However, this manifestation of Nyarlathotep has even a deeper meaning.
The “three-lobed burning eye” is Asaru, or the “Eye upon the Throne.” This would relate to Osiris. However, before Osiris came into prominence Anubis was the most important god of the Dead. Attributes of Anubis during the Ptolemaic period were merged with the Greek god Hermes forming Hermanubis, who was an representation of the Egyptian Priesthood. Anubis corresponds to Nyarlathotep’s manifestation as the “faceless god in the caverns of the earth.” This also supported by the Grimoire of the Necronomicon written by Donald Tyson. On page 163 it states:
“Nyarlathotep is the god of the dead and of necromancy.”
Nyarlathototep would then relate to Osiris, the god of the Egyptian Cult of the Dead. It is amazing to see a fiction writer, H.P. Lovecraft, was able to capture the synthesis of this Ancient Egyptian Tradition with such detail. The Classical Journal, Volumes 39-40, states the following on page 336:
“…We are ignorant, therefore, that we dwell in the cavities of this earth , and imagine that we inhabit its upper parts….For dwelling in a certain hollow of the earth, we think that we reside on its surface. ” -Plato, the Phedo..”
The above quote seems to find its correspondence in Lovecraft fiction with Nyarlathotep’s manifestation as “the faceless god in the caverns of the earth.” This description of Nyarlathotep also resembles the Dog-faced Anunnaki mentioned in the Simon necronomicon as leaping forth from the Cavities of the Earth, which is but a paraphrase of a verse from the Chaldean Oracles:
“”Certainly out of the cavities of the Earth spring terrestrial Dogs;
Which show no true signe to mortal Man.”
It is interesting to note that the term Anunnaki means “those of royal blood,” or “princely offspring.” this would seem to indicate that the Anunnaki were children of the Great Gods, also known as the Igigi. The term “those of royal blood” would also seem to imply that these “princely offspring” dwell among humankind. What does this really mean? In one of our previous discussions, entitled
The Agga Sign Part 4: To Recover Potency we find the following statement:
“When INANNA/ISHTAR’S brother, Utu the Sun god, replied to Inanna in the famous epic, The Courtship of Inanna and Dumuzi, Utu spoke of Dumuzi as ‘being conceived on the sacred marriage throne.’ This would also indicate that some of the early priestly-rulers who were anointed through the Sacred Marriage rites, at times had sexual relations with their own relatives who were acting as Temple Priestesses, or ‘in-laws.’ The origin of the term ‘in-law’ is founded upon the laws of marriage between gods and humans. If the ‘gods’ happened to marry someone who was not part of their divine family, the prospective spouse had to be adopted into the ‘divine family’ by law. It is from this practice that we derive the term, ‘in-law.’
This is a very interesting analogy that we gain from the article quoted above. We see that those who were conceived during the Sacred Marriage Rite were considered Nephilim. In an online article entitled Wednesday Whatever- The Sacred Marriage, we find the following observation:
“The Egyptians practiced the Sacred Marriage in the worship of Amun: Amun’s high priest would ritually unite with the Queen, reinforcing her children’s divine right to rule by ensuring that they were the offspring of Amun. The various folk rituals from around the world, in which humans have sex in the fields to ensure the fertility of their crops, are remnants of the Sacred Marriage ceremony: like their ancient ancestors, these agricultural communities seek the blessings of the Divine through sexual ritual. It is highly likely that the worship of Isis and Osiris also involved a Sacred Marriage rite of some sort, referred to in surviving mythology in the story where Isis reassembles Osiris’ body, creates an artificial penis for it (the only piece she was unable to find), and then unites with Osiris to conceive Horus, the son who will avenge Osiris’ death. …..Even Christianity contains a remnant of the Sacred Marriage at the very core of its doctrine: Mary, the mother of Jesus, is united with Yahweh to conceive Jesus. It is Mary’s divine union with her God which signifies Jesus’ divine nature and his identity as the Son of God. “
In both the Ancient Egyptian and Christian, we see evidence that children conceived upon the “Sacred marriage Throne” were considered as those of heavenly “royal blood.” Where could this custom originate? The article mentions the following:
“We may never know when humans first began to practice the Sacred Marriage, but two Neolithic carvings hint that Kramer was right in guessing that it was practiced even before the Sumerians began building their cities: the first carving, which depicts a man and a woman embracing, was found at Catal Huyuk (a Neolithic city in Turkey); the second was found at Cascioarele, and is thought to have been created around the end of the 5th millennium B.C.E. Both of these carvings have been interpreted by some archaeologists as depicting a sacred marriage. The earliest known depiction of a copulating couple comes from Ain Sawaki, and is dated 9th millennium B.C.E. The couple in this early carving is seated in a position that is common in Tantra, an Eastern form of sacred sexuality.”
The above quote suggests that the Sacred Marriage Rite may possibly be well over 11,000 years old! This custom evidently stemmed from a time when the Jinn openly married human beings. We find evidence of this in an online article entitled God, His Creation, and Mankind where it states the following:
“The following story dates back to a much earlier time before Adam and Eve were sent on earth. At some point the Jinns forgot Allah and started fighting each other and creating chaos on earth. A Messenger was sent to them for guidance, but they did not listen to him. Being fade up with the unruly Jinns, the Messenger prayed to Allah to destroy the Jinns. Then Allah sent Angels from the heaven to destroy them. When the angels came to earth, they started killing the Jinns and at some point they came across a very beautiful baby boy of the Jinns. According to some religios history books, the name of the boy was Aazazil. They were amazed and thought that it is cruel to kill that innocent boy. They were hesitating to kill the baby boy. They prayed to Allah so that He permits them not to kill the boy. Allah accepted their prayer and told them that they did not know what He knew about the boy. The angels stopped killing the Jinns and they took the baby boy of the Jinns to heaven, leaving the remaining Jinns on earth. (The descendents of those Jinns and human beings now live on earth). “
Also we have another reference to support this, as found in the Dictionary of Islam by Thomas Patrick Hughes:
“It is said that God created the Jann [or Jinn] two thousand years before Adam [or according to some writers, much earlier], and that there are believers and infidels and every sect among them, as among men. Some say that a prophet named Yusuf was sent to the Jinn; others that they had only preachers or admonishers; others, again, that seventy apostles were sent, before Muhammad, to Jinn and men conjointly. It is commonly believed that the preadmite Jinn were governed by forty (or, according to some, seventy-two) kings, to each of whom the Arab writers give the name of Sulaiman (or Solomon); and that they derive their appellation from the last of these, who was called Jann ibn Jann and who, some say, built the Pyramids of Egypt. …The fire of which the Jinn is created circulates in his veins, in place of blood; therefore, when he receives a mortal wound, this fire, issuing from his veins generally consumes him to ashes. ..The Jinn, it has been already shown, are peaceable. They also eat and drink, and propagate their species, sometimes in conjunction with human beings; in which latter case, the offspring partakes of the nature of both parents. In all these respects they differ from the angels. Among the evil Jinn are distinguished the five sons of their chief Iblis; namely, Tir, who brings about calamities, losses, and injuries; al-A’war, who encourages debauchery; Sut, who suggests lies; Dasimn who causes hatred between man and wife; and Zalambur, who presides over places of traffic.”
From the information quoted above, it is possible for Jinn and humans to parent offspring together and this evidently happened at one time. Further details about this phenomena is covered entirely in the Atlantean Necronomicon. However, for our discussion we learn that the jinn were created before mankind by several thousands of years, were responsible for the construction of the Three Great Pyramids, and are made of fire. this all resembles Nyarlathotep’s manifestation as the “three-lobed burning eye,” described in the Simon Necronomicon as Asaru- The Eye Upon the Throne, which all equates to Osiris.
Another interesting comparison in all of this is that it is only in the Simon Necronomicon do we find that ‘the “Eye Upon the Throne” takes flight after Ishtar’s resurrection. Since Ishtar had to journey through the Seven Gates of the Underworld and experience death to make this happen, it is the sole theme of the Magan Text’s Sleep of ISHTAR, and the GateWalking process general, enlightenment and immortality, or the ascension of the “Eye Upon the Throne.” This rite was also enacted in Ancient Egypt. Here we see that when we count Ishtar’s journey through the Underworld, she walked seven gates going in and seven gates going out. This adds up to a total of 14 Gates. In like manner Osiris’ body was divided up into 14 pieces by Set and Isis is left to revive him, but she is unable to find the 12th body part, his penis. Interestingly, Wikipedia states the following concerning the other 13 parts:
“In late Egyptian thought, the righteous dead were sometimes said to become the stars, and thus the moon was occasionally seen as having a connection to Osiris, lord of the dead. As a death and resurrection legend, in which evil seeks to destroy a deity, thus bringing darkness, it thus developed an association with the lunar cycle, in which the moon appears to be destroyed by darkness, and is then brought back to life. Thus it later became said that Osiris had been killed by being dismembered into 13 parts, each part representing one of the 13 full moons seen each year (there are roughly 13 lunar months per year). Another interpretation is that the pieces were 14 (they number up to sixteen in some versions) were the phases of a single moon’s cycle (one sliver cut off each night for 14 days, then reassembled over the next 14 days—see Janet McCrickard, Eclipse of the Sun, 1990). The original form of Set’s murder of Osiris was incorporated into this later version, though it was said that the attempt had failed when Isis and Nepthys found the coffin and rescued it.[“
The interesting thing about the above quote is that it lines up with what the Mad Arab stated in his First Testimony:
“THIS IS THE TESTIMONY of all that I have seen, and all that I have learned, in those years that I have possessed the Three Seals of MASSHU. I have seen One Thousand-and-One moons, and surely this is enough for the span of a man’s life, though it is said the Prophets lived much longer.”
When we divide 1,001 Moons by 13 Moons in a solar year, we get the sum of 77, or 7 + 7, which equals 14. This shows us that the Simon Necronomicon and the Necronomicon Tradition is not only inspired of Chaldean and Sumerian sources, but also Egyptian and Asian. this is consistent with Lovecraft fiction as well. In conclusion we can get a greater appreciation for Nyarlathotep by defining his name.
Nyar is a derivative of the Arabic Nar meaning “fire.”
Lat is a Chaldean term that means “to lie hid.”
hotep is Eygptian for peace
There you have the meaning of Nyarlathotep as the “fire hidden in peace.”